Omega – 3
The most important and highly implemented in the nutrition process омега-3 fatty acids are – eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). They are necessary for the effective function of the brain and body at a cellular level. Low numbers of DHA are related to depression, schizophrenia, memory loss, and a higher risk of Alzheimer’s development. The scientists relate their inadequate intake in pregnant women to premature and low birth weight of the newborn, as well as hyperactivity in children
Omega – 6
Excessive quantities of Omega-6 have an impact on the health benefits of omega – 3, therefore, it is important to supply with the proper ratio (approximately 4:1 or lower); the majority of nutrition diets, present today, contain a ratio of 20:1 or worse! Suitable supplementation of omega-6 can stimulate the healthy condition of skin, nails, hair, and also contributes to the emotional and hormonal balance.
Omega – 9
In contrast to omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, omega – 9 is not considered essential, as it is produced by the body from unsaturated fats. Similarly to omega-3 and omega – 6, the right balance of omega-9 is important, as if some deficiencies of omega-3 and omega – 6 are present, the organism will compensate, by producing omega-9, which is not so effective from a nutritional point of view. Oleic acid – omega – 9 fatty acid shows the ability to lessen the risk of atherosclerosis (arteries hardening), heart disease, and stroke.